Parks

Most post-Communist cities are known for their spacious parks, which were favored public infrastructure under both the tsars and Communists and remain a priority for city development today. Note that we have defined “park” relatively widely here, as the concept is wide in most of the cultures we cover on this site. A zoos, for instance, is known as a “zoopark” in many Slavic languages. Some parks are open green spaces and some are heavily developed with sport and cultural infrastructure. We have also included here botanical gardens and beaches.

Cross-reference parks by their city: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, Kyiv, Warsaw, or Bishkek.

The Leningrad Zoo: Under the Tsars, during WWII, and Today

The Leningrad Zoo was first found in August of 1865 as the private collection of Sophia and Julius Gebhardt. Although a small zoo, its history has been incredibly dramatic, surviving wars, revolutions, economic and political collapse and, perhaps most notably, the 872-day siege of Leningrad, when the whole city had to survive bombing and potential […]

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